Then he made the seven rounds of the Ka'bah. Then he turned away from the Ka'bah towards the 360 idols which surrounded it.
He then rode between the idols and the Ka'bah, repeating the verse of the Qur'an, "The Truth has come and falsehood vanished. Truly, falsehood is bound to vanish".
He then pointed his staff to the idols and pushed each of them, one by one, with his staff. Each idol fell forward on its face.
He then ordered the door of Kab'ah to be opened, walls inside which were full of pictures of deities, be cleaned.
He then addressed the gathering, declaring the glory and unity of Allah and the unity of mankind.
13. Describe briefly the Conquest of Makkah and comment on the general amnesty declared by the Prophet at the time of the Conquest.
The Prophet decided to march against the Quraysh as they broke to the treaty of Hudaybiyah. He told Abu Bakr about his plan and instructed him to keep it a secret. The Prophet marched with his army of 10,000 men from Madinah on 10th of Ramadan, 8H.
The Quraysh feared the consequences of having broken the treaty. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was well aware of this, and in order to increase their fears he commanded his men to spread out and each believer to light a fire after dark, from the outskirts of the Sacred Territory, ten thousand fires could be seen burning. The strategy worked very well the Quraysh were panic-stricken and saw at once the hopelessness of resistance.
Meanwhile, Abu Sufyan went with Budayl and Hakim to gain information about the Muslim army. The Prophet invited them to accept Islam, which they did. The next day, Prophet Muhammad told Abu Sufyan to go to Makkah and announce that whoever stays in Abu Sufyan’s house shall be safe, whoever stays in Hakim’s house shall be safe, whoever locks upon himself his door shall be safe, and whoever stays enters the masjid shall be safe. Abu Sufyan went to Makkah and told them that they won’t be able to resist the Muslim army because of their huge number!
When the Muslim army reached Makkah, the Prophet ordered the army to enter the city from four different directions. They were able to enter Makkah without any resistance from the Makkans.
The Prophet forgave the Makkans for their past crimes. It was the 20th of Ramadan, 8H. Then he entered the Holy Mosque, and touched the Black Stone with his staff. Then he made the seven rounds of the Ka’bah. He then rode between the idols and the Ka’bah, repeating the verse of the Qur’an, “The Truth has come and falsehood vanished. Truly, falsehood is bound to vanish”.
He then pointed his staff to the idols and pushed each of them, one by one, with his staff. Each idol fell forward on its face. He then ordered the door of Kab’ah to be opened, walls inside which were full of pictures of deities, be cleaned.
The Prophet declared general amnesty for the Makkans, saying the same forgiving words as Prophet Yousuf had said to his brothers. That he would not take revenge and that Allah forgave them as He is the Most Merciful. The mass forgiveness of the Prophet demonstrates his mercy and kindness to humanity.