Friday, December 4, 2009
SO TAUGHT OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلّى الله عليه وسلّم
AHADITH NO. 1 - 6
1. He is not of us who shows no respect for our elders, or who has no compassion for our young, or has no appreciation for the rights of our learned.
a. What is meant by ‘He is not of us’?
It means that he is neither a true Muslim nor does he belong to the true Muslim community.
b. How can one appreciate the rights of the learned people?
By respecting them for the knowledge they possess, honouring them by giving due position and status they deserve and heeding to their advice.
c. Mention a few points on how to be compassionate towards young.
* Being merciful and kind to children and young people;
* Not beating them, not using harsh words while talking to them;
* Appreciating them when they do good things;
* Politely rebuking them when they do bad things;
* Giving them the right to enjoy their childhood, like for example by abolishing child labour.
2. No one among you shall be a true believer unless he likes for his brother what he likes for himself.
a. Explain this hadith.
A true believer in Islam is the one who wishes for his fellow believers the same he wishes for himself. He cares for him like he would for his own brother. There is no envy or jealousy in his heart against them. He wishes good for his fellow brothers always.
b. What does this hadith encourage among Muslims?
This hadith tells us about the importance of brotherhood in the Muslim Ummah. If our faith in Allah is strong then nothing can divide us. The brotherhood system is clearly an example of Islam’s solid commitment to the establishment of a brotherhood based not on color, language, race, or ethnicity, but purely on faith. Muslims need to conscious of this system and our community leadership should be proactive to implement the Islamic ideals.
3. Do not think evil of others, nor probe into others’ affairs, nor incite one against the other. Avoid hatred and jealousy. Do not unnecessarily oppose each other. Always remain the slave of Allah, and live as brothers to each other.
Explain the above-mentioned hadith.
In this hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has highlighted the aspect of maintaining good relationship among the believers.
The following is learned from the hadith:
1. We should think well of others.
2. We should not unnecessarily interfere in others' affairs.
3. We should not harm others, nor do anything which may create hatred in others' hearts.
4. We should not be jealous of one another. Jealousy spoils relationships between people rather than creating love between them.
5. Having different opinions is not bad. But unnecessarily arguing leads to rifts.
6. Our faith in Allah unites us. Therefore, we should do everything permissible and possible to maintain brotherhood in our Ummah.
4. By Him in whose Hand is my life, I love that I die in the way of Allah and made alive, that I die again and again given life only to die again in the way of Allah.
a. What do you learn from the above hadith?
The best way to depart from this world is through martyrdom. For that reason our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) said he would love to die again and again as a martyr.
Martyrdom is so highly valued that a truly devout Muslim would wish to return to earth many times in order to repeat the experience.
In another hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Nobody who dies and finds good from Allah (in the Hereafter) would wish to come back to this world even if he were given the whole world and whatever is in it, except the martyr who, on seeing the superiority of martyrdom, would like to come back to the world and get killed again (in Allah's Cause)."
5. Allah, the Exalted is He, has decreed: O sons of Adam! If you commit yourselves and worship Me then I will enrich your hearts and deliver you from poverty. But if you refuse, I will fill your hearts with concern, and allow you to stagnate in the poverty of your own souls.
a. Does our worshipping Allah benefit Him?
Our believing and worshipping Allah benefits us only. It does not benefit Allah in any way as He is the Self-Sufficient Master Who does not need us, nor our worship.
b. What is Hadith Qudsi?
Hadith Qudsi is a sacred hadith from Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) which is not a part of the Qur’an.
6. He who establishes a good precedent gets the reward for it and the reward of all who act upon it till the Day of Resurrection without diminishing their reward in the least. And he who sets a bad precedent bears the guilt of it and the guilt of all who act upon it till the Day of Resurrection, without in the least diminishing their guilt.
a. Explain the above hadith.
If we set a good example, we will get the reward for it in our life and even after our death. If we set a bad example, we will get punished for it in our life and even after our death. The Prophet has also said, “When a man dies his actions come to an end except for three: an ongoing charity; knowledge that benefits others, or pious offspring who prays for him”.
b. What is the hadith pointing towards?
The one who begins or initiates any good act, gets the reward not only for beginning or initiating that good act but also gets the reward that is due on all those people who follow his initiation. Likewise, the one who begins or initiates any bad act, gets the punishment not only for beginning or initiating that bad act but also gets the punishment that is due on all those who follow his bad example.
Labels: Grade 9 (First Term)